TRaNSforM - Training Requirements and Nursing Skills for Mobility in health careEuropean Comission - Lifelong Learning Programme
University of Nottingham

TRaNSforM working definition of readiness and preparedness

Co-ordinating partner Turkey

Readiness; meaning is willing to do something.

Readiness is being prepared and “ready to go” or in other words, being able, because of “preparedness” to act immediately. Readiness seems to be the state of being prepared for something about to be done or experienced

Individuals learn best when they are physically, mentally, and emotionally ready to learn.

Explanation from partners


Readiness contain preparedness. A through literature review revealed that readiness has been associated with theories of reversal, motivation and change.  Readiness has been conceptualized both as a state and process.  The process of becoming ready to create change consists of three phases that are constant across health related situations.  The first phase is becoming aware of what needs to change. Once a person becomes aware of this need they embark on an appraisal process of whether or not to plan for change.  The second phase involves appraising the costs and benefits of changing and trying to envisage how life will be like if they do change.  Persons then consider whether they have the required skills, energy, competencies and support to bring about the desired change.  The appraisal process influences how they prepare for change. They can choose to ‘opt in’ or ‘opt out’ of the process of becoming ready. If they ‘opt in’ they move through the process with varying degrees of readiness depending on their level of awareness; whether they see the benefits of changing, and whether they perceive themselves as being able to bring about the required change.

The state of readiness is the variations in one’s desire and/or intent to take action as one appraises a situation.  Appraisal of a situation is affected by the level of functioning, significance of the concern, desire and intent to enact change, and the availability of supports.  Therefore, one could be more ready to change one aspect of their lives than another.  As a state, readiness is viewed as ‘readiness to do something’ such as performing a specific skill or as ‘readiness for an event’ such as discharge from hospital. As a state, it is usually based on person’s’ self-appraisal of readiness or on a health professional’s judgment of patient’s ability to perform desired self-care activities.

Another perspective is to view readiness within the context of learning.  Readiness to learn refers to a one’s willingness and ability to receive teaching and to develop new skills or attitudes.

Further information

  • Dalton , C. C. and Gottlieb, L. N. (2003) The concept of readiness to change. Journal of Advanced Nursing. 42(2): pp.108-117.
  • Fowler, M. E. (1998) Recognizing the phenomenon of readiness: Concept analysis and case study. Journal of the Association of Nurses in Aids Care. 9(3): pp.72-76.
  • Cambridge University (1999) Cambridge Dictionaries Online [online]. Available at: [Accessed 15 November 2011].
  • D (1995) Dictionary [online]. Available at: [Accessed 15 November 2011].
  • Wolff, A. C. Regan, S. Pesut, B. and Black, J. (2010) Ready of what? An exploration of the meaning of new graduate nurses’ readiness for practice. International Journal of Nursing Education Scholarship. 7(1): pp.1-10.
  • Yapıcı, M. (2004) İlköğretim 1. Sınıfa başlayan öğrencilerin hazır bulunuşluk düzeyleri. Uluslararası İnsan Bilimleri Dergisi [online] 1(1): pp.1-8. Available at: [Accessed 15 November 2011.

Training Requirements and Nursing Skills for Mobility in Health Care


Dr Carol Hall
Telephone: +44 (0)115 8 230 906